After an editor receives a manuscript, their first step is to check that the manuscript meets the journal’s rules for content and format. If it does, then the editor moves to the next step, which is peer review. The editor will send the manuscript to two or more experts in the field to get their opinion. The experts – called peer reviewers – will then prepare a report that assesses the manuscript, and return it to the editor. After reading the peer reviewer's report, the editor will decide to do one of three things:
If the authors resubmit the manuscript, editors will ask the same peer reviewers to look over the manuscript again to see if their concerns have been addressed. This is called re-review.
For better peer review process and to make the manuscript is easily understood to the audience, the editor may allow the peer reviewers to comment on errors in the study’s methods or analysis that raise questions about the findings, or sections that need clearer explanations. in addition, the peer review process also include the importance and novelty of a manuscript, and if it will interest the journal’s audience, are particularly useful in helping them to decide which manuscripts to publish.
The type of peer review that is applied by JCBR is the Closed peer review – where the reviewers are aware of the authors’ identities but the authors’ are never informed of the reviewers’ identities. this type of peer review is clearly stated in the invitation letter to the reviewers as well as on the journal website.